How To Improve Clay Soil For Better Gardening? Have you ever started digging in your yard to plant or transplant a beautiful flower or tree?
You get down just a few inches and feel like you are trying to dig through thick mud?
Welcome to clay soil.
Digging deep enough through this will torture your back.
You’ll end up with a plant that will be unhealthy or not even survives.
Don’t give up!
Clay does have some major health benefits for your plant.
Here is a guide to help you make that soil better.
All soil has three types of particles in it. Clay, silt, and sand.
Whichever there is more of is how the soil is labeled.
It has the smallest of particles of all three types of soil.
Because they stick together so well, the clay doesn’t allow for drainage or airflow.
Bad as that can be for your plant since it doesn’t really drain well it holds in all of the nutrients.
This is wonderful for all plants.
This soil is right in the middle of the clay and sand soil as far as the size of it goes.
It does hold water really well and ends up releasing it as your plant needs it to.
How To Improve Clay Soil For Better Gardening
This is the largest of all three particles.
These particles do not stick together at all which makes for amazing drainage and air flowability.
But the bad thing is that the nutrients aren’t held in either.
Perfect soil is an equal balance of all three soils. This is called loam soil.
Now that you understand the difference in the soils.
You need to know that there are things that you can do to improve your clay soil.
First, you need to figure out if it really is clay soil that you have.
Does water gather on top of it instead of the soil soaking it up?
Does it get cracked all over when it dries?
If you get mud stuck to your shoes that feels like an extremely thick glue when it rains.
Then you have clay soil.
- It doesn’t need as much irrigation or fertilizer as other soil does.
- Holds in moisture very well.
- It is extremely fertile.
- Holds in nutrients perfectly.
- Extremely poor drainage
- Easily compacts
- Poor airflow
- Hard to work with
- Usually cracks
- In the spring, it’s extremely slow to get warm
MAKE IT RIGHT
If your plants are having trouble surviving.
Then you need to do something to help them by improving your clay.
In doing this there are certain aspects of the clay that you need to keep.
Like the ability to hold in the nutrients.
But you also need to get it to where it drains better.
It’s not as hard for you to work with.
Also, you need to make it to where your plants can get more air to them.
All of this will make for healthier plants.
How To Improve Clay Soil For Better Gardening
The first step would be to have the soil tested.
This test will tell you what the soil is needing.
Also, help to guide you on what changes you would need to make to your soil.
You can either get your soil tested.
Or you can go and buy your own testing kit and try to accomplish it yourself.
In all honesty, getting a professional to test it is way more accurate.
Using organic matter would probably be the best way for you to start improving your clay soil.
This will improve your soil’s structure to make it drain much better.
Also, have a better airflow, and makes it so much easier for you to be able to work with it.
This is the top option to improve your soil.
You can make this at home with dead leaves, dead flowers, grass, and food waste.
These are just dead leaves that have decayed for about two years.
This is like the gold of gardening compost, providing that you are able to locate enough of it.
None of us really enjoy working with manure. But it does so much to improve clay soil.
As gross as it may sound, rotten manure is best.
The smell is usually gone when it’s rotted.
This comes from earthworms.
Pretty high in organic matter.
It has a lot of nutrients that would be beneficial for your plants.
Helps to improve drainage and airflow.
IMPROVING YOUR SOIL
To start improving your soil.
You will need to choose which of those amendments you are wanting to use.
Then spread about a six-inch layer of it on top of the clay soil.
Using a sharp shovel, you will need to work this about twelve – inches down into the clay soil.
If it doesn’t seem possible to be able to work anything into your soil.
Then the best thing that you can do is to spread the amendment on top of your soil in late fall.
Or, exceedingly early winter.
Just allow the weather conditions of the winter to do quite a bit of this hard work for you.
Now that all of the difficult work is done there are a few things that you need to do.
Keep your soil from going back to how it was. There are four things that you need to do.
Continue using organic matter every year, simply add about a three-inch layer on top.
You will not need to work it in anymore but remember to add this yearly.
Do not till and compact your soil. It will destroy all of the work you have already done.
You will need to add a mulch that is natural.
Regular mulch holds in moisture but with clay soil.
Every few years make a point in having your soil tested.
This will help you to maintain and let you know if you need to add any more amendments.
With all of this hard work, you have done to improve your clay soil.
You should be enjoying some of the healthiest vegetables.
Having more ease with landscaping your property.